Patient Information

The Process of Reproduction

Normal functioning of the male and female reproductive systems depends on complex hormonal communication signals between the endocrine system and the sexual organs: ovaries in women and testes in men... Read more

What is it?

Endometriosis is described as the presence of endometrial tissue in locations outside the endometrial (uterine) cavity.

Endometriosis is commonly found in the cul-de-sac (behind the uterus), the rectovaginal septum (the tissue between the rectum and vagina), on the surface of the rectum, the fallopian tubes and ovaries, the uterosacral ligaments, the bladder, and the pelvic side wall. Generally endometriosis in the rectovaginal septum is more likely to deeply invade the underlying structures...Read more

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome


Polycystic ovary syndrome is characterized by

1. Anovulation (causing infertility, irregular or absent menstrual periods)
2. Hyperandrogenism (causing hirsutism, acne with elevated serum testosterone and androstenedione).

Patients with this syndrome may complain of abnormal bleeding, infertility, obesity, excess hair growth, hair loss and acne. In addition to the clinical and hormonal changes associated with this condition, vaginal ultrasound shows enlarged ovaries with an increased number of small (6-10mm) follicles around the periphery (Polycystic Appearing Ovaries or PAO)...Read more